A Glossary of Terms About the Trail

This glossary provides several important terms useful in understanding the Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail. While incomplete, it gives a place to start so that sources given in the Bibliography can be consulted. Source: Greg Bernal-Mendoza Smestad’s Anza Trail Guide.

 
 
 
 

Word

Meaning

 
  • Maguardiente brandy, liquor, spirits.
  • Malamos A Real de Minas, or mining town, with a branch of the Royal Silver Bank.
  • Malcalde Mayor, person of authority over a settlement.
  • Malférez Ensign
  • Malta Upper (as opposed to Baja, or lower)
  • Maltar Valley, town and presidio; southwest of present-day Nogales, Sonora.
  • Maerican Indian (Native American) A person whose ancestors were in North or South American before Europeans arrived.
  • Mamole A ground food made of grains or nuts. In California, American Indians made acorn amole.
  • Marizpe is on the Río Sonora, and was the capital of the Provincias Internas.
  • Mayala, Juan de Commander of His Majesty's packet boat, the San Carlos, and first to sail into the San Francisco Bay. He named several of the landmarks in the Bay Area.
  • Mucareli y Ursúa, Antonio Maria Viceroy of New Spain, 1717-1779. In this capacity, he had the authority of the Spanish Government to grant Anza's requests for his expeditions to California, and it is to him that Anza reported his success and progress.
  • Maguardiente brandy, liquor, spirits.
  • Malamos A Real de Minas, or mining town, with a branch of the Royal Silver Bank.
  • Malcalde Mayor, person of authority over a settlement.
  • Malférez Ensign
  • Malta Upper (as opposed to Baja, or lower)
  • Maltar Valley, town and presidio; southwest of present-day Nogales, Sonora.
  • Maerican Indian (Native American) A person whose ancestors were in North or South American before Europeans arrived.
  • Mamole A ground food made of grains or nuts. In California, American Indians made acorn amole.
  • Marizpe is on the Río Sonora, and was the capital of the Provincias Internas.
  • Mayala, Juan de Commander of His Majesty's packet boat, the San Carlos, and first to sail into the San Francisco Bay. He named several of the landmarks in the Bay Area.
  • Mucareli y Ursúa, Antonio Maria Viceroy of New Spain, 1717-1779. In this capacity, he had the authority of the Spanish Government to grant Anza's requests for his expeditions to California, and it is to him that Anza reported his success and progress.
 

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